Developmental Disability services to individuals with a dual diagnoses of Intellectual Disability and Mental Disorders have a major impact on their general well-being, personal independence, productivity, quality of life and greatly affect family and caretakers. Being a vulnerable group of people served by both mental health and developmental disability agencies, the existing systems and services tend to be organized around these individuals with the dual diagnosis of Intellectual Disability and Mental Illness. They have barriers to services. There is lack of coordination and collaboration of service systems, gaps in research, clinical competency and training, and access to appropriate programs.
Growing stigmatization and prejudice leading to social exclusion of ‘the other dually diagnosed’ individuals has increased the visibility of these individuals in the community. More psychiatric disorders are being observed and providers continue to face impediments to professional recognition of ‘the other dual diagnosis’.
“Diagnostic overshadowing” has minimized the signs of psychiatric disturbance in persons with Intellectual Disability. There are funding challenges because each system expects the other to serve the people that have Intellectual Disability and co-occurring Mental Disorders. Staff are ill-equipped to provide adequate services. There is lack of qualified clinicians with training and expertise in Developmental Disability to diagnose and treat psychiatric disorders among individuals with Intellectual Disabilities.
ACIDD Maryland suggests support for people with ‘the other dual diagnosis’ by teaching them new sets of humanizing behaviors that focus on solidarity, bonding, social acceptance, social relationship and positive affection through our services. Our Developmental Disability services include, but not limited, to the following:
- Group Home & Alternative Living Unit (GH&ALU)
- Personal Supports (PS)
- Family & Individual Support Services (FISS)
- Vocational Day (VOC)
- Supported Employment (SE)
- Day Habilitation (Facility-based and Not operative at this time)
- CLS (Coomunity-based)
- ED&C (Community-based)
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